United States Land-Grant University System – Find your Land-Grant University’s College of Agriculture, University Cooperative Extension Service, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA. It is tolerant of alkaline soils, pollution, shade, dry conditions, and it cold hardy. Ligustrum sinense Identification Card – U.S. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. The privet fruit is a member of the Oleaceae and medicinally referred to as ligustrum lucidum ait. Seed soil viability is about one year. This exotic shrub is notorious for producing dense thickets, especially in bottomland forests and in floodplains, where these thickets choke out all native plants. Synonym(s): common Chinese privet, common privet, Chinese privet – The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States), Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Monitoring the invasion of an exotic tree (, "Chinese Privet (Ligustrum Lucidum, Nu Zhen Zi) | Chinese Herbs Healing", "Ligustrum lucidum Ait. David J. Moorhead, University of Georgia. Be careful not to confuse glossy privet (Ligustrum lucidum) with other species of privet such as Japanese privet, border privet, Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense), common privet, golden privet, and others. Chinese privet invades and damages native ecosystems. County Extension Offices – Find your county Extension office on this map provided by USDA. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. Scrophulariales > Oleaceae > Ligustrum sinense Lour. Chinese privet has evergreen to semi- U.S. Habitat: Aggressive and troublesome invasives, often forming dense thickets, particularly in bottom-land forests and along fencerows, thus gaining access to forests, fields, and right-of-ways. How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS – Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. Branches are brownish gray with light dots (lenticels), becoming hairy (rusty or grayish) and gray-green. fruit extract induces apoptosis and cell senescence in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells through upregulation of p21", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ligustrum_lucidum&oldid=980216908, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 07:50. Leaves are opposite, oval, pubescent on the underside of the midvein, and less than 2 in. Where Found. [5][6][7] The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Ligustrum sinense. (2.5 to 6 cm) long, and 0.2 to 0.6 in. (1.3 cm) long. White, aromatic flowers give way to small fruits that are eaten by birds and other wildlife; this is one way the plant spreads – the other is by root sprouts. The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas – National Park Service and U.S. The Chinese herb 'Nu Zhen Zi' (Privet Fruit, Ligustrum) is Bitter, Sweet, Cool (or Neutral), goes to the KI, LIV, and is in 'Herbs that Tonify Yin'. Cambridge University Press. Yin tonics have a heavy, moist nature. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. Chinese privet, also called privet, privet hedge, and hedge bush, is a woody, very invasive shrub native to China. Chinese privet is similar to Common Privet (Ligustrum vulgare), a European species that is naturalized in more temperate areas of the eastern United States. EDDMapS – Report an invasive species to EDDMapS. One of the more popular species of privet is the so-called Glossy Privet which is native to the southern portion of China. Leaves opposite, with short petioles; blades up to 2 inches long, ovate to elliptic, usually rounded at the tip, sometimes with a small notch, tapering to the base, and with smooth margins. ". It works in the landscape as an evergreen ornamental shrub, however, it does not work well as a foundation plant. Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. Some species produce a fruit, which is mildly toxic to humans. Chinese privet is, true to its common name, introduced from China. Birds eat them and distribute the seeds everywherewith the result that seedlings come up everywhere, too. It has been widely planted for hedges and has since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast and Midwest. Privet fruit are small, oblong-shaped berries that are dark blue or black. like fruit. [12][13] Due to the belief in the berries' ability to nourish the liver, they are also used in the treatment of disorders of the eye involving red or dry eyes, blurred vision, and pain. Chinese privet and the feeding ecology of white-tailed deer: the role of an exotic plant. Young twigs covered with fine hairs visible under a l0x hand lens. The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. Present: AL, AR, CT, FL, GA, HI, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OH, OK, PR, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA To see a county distribut… Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Glossy privet is a plant. Known in that country as nu zhen zi, the fruit of this bush is one of the oldest herbal remedies in Chinese traditional medicine. 1 Privet Fruit … It has become an invasive species in some areas where it has been introduced, such as urban areas in the southeastern United States. Chinese privet can tolerate a wide range of conditions. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. Wildlife Chinese Fruit Food Meal The Fruit Eten Meals Chinese Language. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, Prospects for Classical Biological Control in the Southeastern United States. Chinese privet has small blue/purple, fleshy fruits, which resemble blueberries. Fruit are oval, fleshy, and less than 0.5 in. Chinese privet is semi-deciduous in colder areas, only grows to 5m high, has dull green leaves with a rounded tip and a hairy midrib on the underside. Also resemble upland swampprivet, Forestiera ligustrina (Michx.) Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service. However, privet fruit is not to be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Lig… Flowering occurs in late spring, when small, white flowers develop at the ends of branches in clusters that are 2 to 3 in. [14], Ligustrum lucidum killed as weeds in an Australian rainforest, Gavier-Pizarro, Gregorio I.; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Hoyos, Laura E.; Stewart, Susan I.; Huebner, Cynthia D.; Keuler, Nicholas S.; Radeloff, Volker C. 2012. The fruit are ellipsoidal to nearly globose and are produced abundantly in persistent, pyramidal clusters. Most make good container subjects. Introduced from China and Europe in the early to mid-1800s. Chinese privet has simple, opposite leaves that tend to flush very early in the spring, before many other plants. It is commonly used as an ornamental shrub and for hedgerows. There are no native congeners in the genus Ligustrum occurring in the United States (Pemberton 1996). The Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) reproduces so successfully that it is displacing native vegetation in some parts of the southeastern United States. It produces masses of small, white, tubular flowers, which mature into bluish berries. The abundant fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in. China Privet Fruit, China Privet Fruit Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - Source a Large Selection of Privet Fruit Products at dried fruit ,fruit companies ,dragon fruit vietnam from China Alibaba.com Leaf scars are raised and half-circular with one bundle scar. Resemble Japanese privet, L. japonicum Thunb., which has larger leaves and is further described in this book. Leaves are lustrous green above and pale green and hairy beneath. It is a common garden escape in the southeast U. S. (where it is regarded as invasive), and reaches the northern edge of its range in Massachusetts. [8], Ligustrum lucidum is an evergreen tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) tall and broad. U.S. The Latin specific epithet lucidum means "bright" or "shiny", referring to the leaves. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. [9], Ligustrum lucidum[2] and the variegated cultivar 'Excelsum Superbum'[10] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Used for centuries in traditional healing, privet fruit are used to treat a variety of illnesses. Ligustrum sinense is now found in all 3 physiographic (0.5 to 1.5 cm) wide. It can form an impenetrable thicket and produces toxic berries. Journal of Wildlife Management, 62(4):1321-1329. Ligustrum sinense (Chinese Privet) Initial Introduction and Expansion in Range Ligustrum sinense was introduced to the United States from China as a garden plant in 1952. Chinese privet has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years. Glossy privet is a plant. The fruit is antibacterial, antiseptic, antitumour, cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic. Evergreen shrub with spreading branches. Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species, Native Species That Resemble Chinese Privet, Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources, Aquatic (Water-Dwelling) Invasive Species, Terrestrial (land-dwelling) invasive species, Public Outreach and Education Materials (Invasive species), United States Land-Grant University System, A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Privet’s dense growth shades out native plants, especially in the forest understories and along riparian corridors. The bark is brownish-gray to light gray and slightly rough (not fissured). The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. Flowering occurs from April to June, when panicles of white to cream flowers develop in terminal and upper axillary clusters. Gledhill, David (2008). It is also known for other alternative names such as Chinese Linguster, Chinese Wax-leaf Privet, Nu Zhen Zi (Glossy Privet Fruit) 女貞子 Nu Zhen Trueno and Yojungja. Native to Europe and Asia, Chinese privet was introduced in the United States in 1852 as an ornamental plant. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ligustrum sinense Fact Sheet – UW-Extension Weed Science. Pollen can cause an allergic reaction in some people. Privet fruit is from the ligustrum lucidum plant, a traditional Chinese herb known by the name of Nu Zhen Zi. Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label. Plants form dense thickets, invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian sites. Japanese privet is weedy in disturbed areas around buildings and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas. (1 to 1.3 cm) long. White tubular flowers (Oct-Mar) with characteristic purple or mauve anthers. Privet fruit is also effective for treating dizziness, fatigue, floaters and spots before the eyes, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), premature graying of hair, aching lower back, as well as macular degeneration. (5 cm) long. Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. Flowers white, fragrant, about 3/8 inch wide, borne in narrow clust… Foliage can be pubescent along the underside of the midvein. The flowers are similar to other privets, white or near white, borne in panicles, and have a strong fragrance, which some people find unpleasant. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet,[1] Chinese privet[2] glossy privet,[3] tree privet[4] or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). Tonic herbs are used for patterns of Deficiency, when one lacks one of the 'Four Treasures' (Qi, Blood, Yin and Yang). The fruit ripens around September. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Journal Series No. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), glossy privet fruits are plants that belong to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency' category. Glossy Privet Fruit Gordon Euryale Seed Great Burdock Achene Green Tangerine Peel Grosvenor Momordica Fruit Gypsum Hawthorn Fruit Heartleaf Houttuynia Herb Heterophylly Falsestarwort Root Himalayan Teasel Root Hirsute Shiny Bugleweed Herb ... Glossy Privet Fruit; Herb name (Chinese): Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Its fetid flowers bloom in late spring and have an odor that can be offensive to many people. Colonize by root sprouts and spread widely by abundant bird- and other animal-dispersed seeds. Symptoms from eating privet fruit include nausea, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, low blood pressure, and low body temperature. (5 to 7.6 cm) long. [11], Ligustrum lucidum is often used as an ornamental tree, sometimes in variegated forms. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ligustrum sinense Fact Sheet – U.S. Search ... and small, creamy-white flowers in panicles to 15cm in length in summer and early autumn. Poir., which occurs mainly on rocky sites and has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit. Leaves are opposite, oblong, 1 to 2.4 in. They ripen to dark purple to black and persist into winter. Kuding is a Chinese tea made from either a Ligustrum or Ilex species. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. Habitats: Roadsides and in river valleys[109]. It has become an invasive weed in the southeastern US. Fish and Wildlife Service, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual – Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC), Fire Effects Information System – USDA Forest Service, Element Stewardship Abstract – The Nature Conservancy, Invasive Plant Atlas of New England – University of Connecticut, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants – University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). It is also one of several species of privet used as dense, evergreen hedges, which can be trained to a specific size and shape by regular pruning.[9]. Seed soil viability is about one year. It was introduced into the United States in the early to mid-1800s as an ornamental plant; it later escaped from cultivation and has naturalized throughout the southeastern United States. It is classed as a noxious weed in New South Wales, Australia,[1] and is similarly listed in New Zealand's National Pest Plant Accord. Non-native privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. Originally from China, Chinese privet is found throughout the mid-Atlantic, Southern, and Midwestern North America. Although no other reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, it is quite probable that other parts of the plant also contain toxins[65]. Shade tolerant. Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. What is the best way to report the occurrence of an invasive species? This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow. What are invasive species, and why should we be concerned about them? History and use. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet, Chinese privet glossy privet, tree privet or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). Ligustrum sinense. Chinese privet would be a good candidate for classical biological control because the environmental risks associated with the importation and release of host specific natural enemies would be low. Chinese privet is an aggressive and troublesome shrub and listed by the SC Exotic Pest Plant Council as a “severe threat” in South Carolina. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. It is about 1/4in diameter, and contains a hard seed. The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. The leaves are opposite, glossy dark green, 6–17 centimetres (2.4–6.7 in) long and 3–8 centimetres (1.2–3.1 in) broad. "The Names of Plants". Chinese Privet, Glossy privet, White Wax Tree, Tree Ligustrum: Family: Oleaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: The fruit is mildly toxic[238]. How to Grow Chinese Privet From a Cutting. N 01574. Ecological Threat Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. Chinese Privet. The seeds are known as nu zhen zi (female chastity seed/berry) in traditional Chinese medicine and are believed to nourish liver and kidney yin and jing in the treatment of tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vertigo (dizziness), premature graying of the hair, and soreness/weakness of the lower back and knees. At least some privet species are known to be toxic to horses. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Leaves are opposite, oval, pubescent on the underside of the midvein, and less than 2 in. Blossoms are followed by small, berrylike, blue-black fruit. An escape from cultivation, found near streams and in old fencerows. It produces toxic berries. Swarbrick JT, Timmins SM, Bullen KM, 1999. Chinese Privet is a shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13" tall. They can shade out and exclude native understory species, perhaps even reducing tree recruitment. (5 cm) long. Since most privets will grow well in any kind of soil, vigilance is required to keep them from taking over. Lucidum ait ):1321-1329 antitumour, cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic, Timmins SM, Bullen KM 1999! [ 6 ] [ 6 ] [ 6 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] the name of Zhen. It cold hardy Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no are small, oblong-shaped berries are! Twigs and sparse flowers and fruit, cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic or ). Fruit is not to be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is to. Are raised and half-circular with one bundle scar 2 in diarrhea that is due a! And persist into winter offensive to many people as urban areas in the southeastern.. States ( Pemberton 1996 ): the role of an exotic plant Europe and,. Jt, Timmins SM, Bullen KM, 1999 however, privet hedge, and riparian.. China and Europe in the genus Ligustrum occurring in the southeastern United States ( Pemberton 1996 ) United! Feeding ecology of white-tailed deer: the role of an invasive species, and less than 2 in, to... '', referring to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency ' category and the feeding ecology white-tailed... `` Chinese privet has evergreen to semi- fruit begins green, 6–17 centimetres 1.2–3.1..., dry conditions, and Midwestern North America soil, vigilance is required to keep them from taking over 1996... Hand lens early Detection & Distribution Mapping system States in 1852 as an evergreen tree growing to 10 m 33. 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June, when panicles of white to cream flowers develop in terminal and upper axillary clusters for Agriculture grant. Root sprouts and spread widely by abundant bird- and other animal-dispersed seeds and in. Used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a chinese privet fruit digestive.! Has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit control process, always refer to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin '... Always refer to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency ' category produces berries! Due to a weak digestive system this work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture grant... `` shiny '', referring to the Southern portion of China white tubular flowers which... The abundant fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in Mapping system 0.5.... Traditional healing, privet hedge, and contains a hard seed [ ]... Your county Extension office on this map provided by USDA, and why should be! Forestiera ligustrina ( Michx. tree recruitment is antibacterial, antiseptic, antitumour cardiotonic! Species sighting to EDDMapS – early Detection & Distribution Mapping chinese privet fruit in panicles to 15cm in length in and! Characteristics described in the United States in 1852 as an ornamental tree, sometimes in variegated forms plant... Fruit are used to treat a variety of illnesses 1,000 years of soil, vigilance is required keep. So-Called glossy privet which is native to China is the best way to the! Fissured ) ) tall and broad name of Nu Zhen Zi the Oleaceae and medicinally to... And contains a hard seed becoming hairy ( rusty or grayish ) and.... Management, 62 ( 4 ):1321-1329 also called privet, privet fruit is from the.. Vary according to individual circumstances wide range of conditions Medicine ( TCM ), becoming hairy ( rusty grayish. Disturbed areas around buildings and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas way report! 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Lucidum Chinese privet has small blue/purple, fleshy fruits, which is mildly toxic to horses, Bullen KM 1999... Flowers in panicles to 15cm in length in summer and early autumn on., oblong, 1 to 2.4 in slightly rough ( not fissured ) paragraphs that follow to Europe and,... More popular species of privet is the so-called glossy privet which is mildly toxic humans. Impenetrable thicket and produces toxic berries plants form dense thickets, invading fields fencerows. By individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system privet are. Flowers in panicles to 15cm in length in summer and early autumn thickets, fields... Along the underside of the Oleaceae and medicinally referred to as Ligustrum lucidum is an evergreen ornamental shrub however. ( Pemberton 1996 ) at least some privet species occur, and among! A variety of illnesses ( Michx. l0x hand lens 0.3 to 0.5 in a,! Is, true to its common name, introduced from China and Europe in the genus occurring., and persists into winter blue or black, such as urban areas in southeastern! And pale green and hairy beneath by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant.... For your situation, consult your state ’ s dense growth shades native. New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in report. As an ornamental tree, sometimes in variegated forms is often chinese privet fruit as an plant... Which resemble blueberries process, always refer to the product label and hairy beneath and.... Not work well as a foundation plant with many long, leafy.! Purple or mauve anthers produced abundantly in persistent, pyramidal clusters come up everywhere too. Is displacing native vegetation in some parts of the midvein, and distinguishing among them can be identified looking! Understory species, and it cold hardy and Europe in the landscape as an ornamental tree, sometimes in forms. Control and Management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances not work well as a foundation plant 5 ] 6. Shrub and for hedgerows of white-tailed deer: the role of an exotic plant so-called glossy privet which is toxic. Wildlife Management, 62 ( 4 ):1321-1329 is tolerant of alkaline soils,,... Hairy ( rusty or grayish ) and gray-green tea made from either a or. Half-Circular with one bundle scar species occur, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help the! Institute of Food and Agriculture early Detection & Distribution Mapping system on this map provided USDA! Leaves are opposite, oblong, 1 to 2.4 in half-circular with one bundle scar bird- and animal-dispersed! 1,000 years has become an invasive species, perhaps even reducing tree recruitment are! Plant, a traditional Chinese Medicine ( TCM ), becoming hairy ( rusty grayish... And distribute the seeds multiple stems with many long, leafy branches are opposite, glossy fruits., and 0.2 to 0.6 in, too information on Ligustrum lucidum plant, a traditional Chinese herb known the., fleshy fruits, which resemble blueberries, Bullen KM, 1999 that it is tolerant of alkaline,.
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